Most of these papers are available on the authors’ website. Don’t be shy, go ahead and download !



André J.-B and S. Nolfi. (in press) Evolutionary robotics simulations help explain why reciprocity is rare in nature. Scientific Reports.

Umbres, R. & Baumard, N., (forthcoming) Cooperation in Hilary Callan (Ed.) Wiley-Blackwell's International Encyclopedia of Anthropology

Boyer, P. & Baumard, N., (forthcoming) The diversity of religious systems: An evolutionary and cognitive framework, in Liddle and Shackelford (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Perspectives on Religion.

Boyer, P. & Baumard, N., (forthcoming) Cognitive attractors in the evolution and diffusion of religious representations in Luther Martin and Don Wiebe (Eds.) Religion Explained: The Cognitive Science of Religion Twenty-Five Years On

Baumard, N., (2016) The origins of fairness: How Evolution Explains Our Moral Nature, Oxford University Press.

Sheskin, M. & Baumard, B. (2016) Switching Away from Utilitarianism: The Limited Role of Utility Calculations in Moral Judgment, PlosOne

Debove, S., Baumard, N. and André, J.-B. (2016), Models of the evolution of fairness in the ultimatum game: a review and classification. Evolution and Human Behavior

Jacquet, P., Baumard, N. and Chevallier, C., (2016) Does Culture Get Embrained?, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Boyer, P. and Baumard, P. (2016) Projecting WEIRD features on (non-WEIRD) ancient religions, Commentary to 'The Cultural evolution of Prosocial Religions', Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

Sheskin, M., Lambert, S. & Baumard, N., (2016) Biological Markets Explain Human Ultrasociality, Commentary to 'The economic origins of ultrasociality', Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

Bernard A., André J.-B., Bredeche N. 2016. To Cooperate or not to Cooperate: why Behavioural Mechanisms Matter. PloS Computational Biology

Bernard A., André J.-B. and Bredeche N. 2016. Evolving Specialisation in a Population of Heterogeneous Robots: the Challenge of Bootstrapping and Maintaining Genotypic Polymorphism. Proceedings of ALife XV: The Fifteenth International Conference on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems.



Baumard, N. & Chevallier, C., (2015). The nature and dynamics of world religions: A life history approach. Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

Debove, S., Baumard, N. & André, J.B., (2015) Evolution of equal division among unequal partners, Evolution.

Sheskin, M., Chevallier, C., Lambert, S., & Baumard, N. (2014) Life-history theory explains childhood moral development. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
Chevallier, C., Xu, J., Adachi, K., van der Henst, J.B. & Baumard, N., (2015) Preschoolers’ understanding of merit in two Asian societies. Plos One.
Chevallier, C., Parish-Morris, J., McVey, A., Rump, K., Sasson, N.J., Herrington, J. & Schultz, R.T., (2015). Measuring social attention and motivation in Autism Spectrum Disorder using eye-tracking: Stimulus Type matters. Autism Research.
Baumard, N., Hyafil, A., Morris, I., & Boyer, P., (2015) Explaining the Axial Age: How Energy Capture Favored Ascetic Wisdoms and Moralizing Religions. Current Biology.
Debove, S., André, J.B. & Baumard, N., (2015) Partner choice creates fairness in humans. Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

Baumard, N., (2015) Evolutionary Psychology and Public Policy, in D. Buss (Ed.) The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, John Wiley & Sons.

Carré, A., Chevallier, C., Robel, L., Barry, C., Maria, A-S., Pouga, L., Philippe, A., Pinabel, F., Berthoz, S. (2015) Tracking Social Motivation Systems Deficits: The Affective Neuroscience View of Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

Molesworth, C., Chevallier, C., Hampton, J., Happé, F. (2015). Children with Autism do not Show Sequence Effects with Auditory Stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.



Sheskin, M., Chevallier, C., Lambert, S., and Baumard, N. (2014) Life-history theory explains childhood moral development, Trends in Cognitive Sciences.

Grèzes, J., Valabrègue, R., Gholipour, B. & Chevallier, C. A direct amygdala-motor pathway for emotion to influence action and its nesting with emotion perception network: a Diffusion Tensor Imaging study. Human Brain Mapping.

Baumard, N. & Sheskin, M. (2014) Partner Choice and the Evolution of a Contractualist Morality, in Decety, J. & Wheatley, T., The Moral Brain, M.I.T. Press.
Boyer, P. & Baumard, N. (2014) Empirical problems with the notions of "big gods" and of prosociality in largesocieties (Commentary on Big Gods: How Religion Transformed Cooperation and Conflict by Ara Norenzayan), Religion, Brain and Behavior.
Baumard, N. (2014) For public policies, our evolved psychology is the problem AND the solution (Commentary to 'Evolving the Future: Toward a Science of Intentional Change' by Wilson, Hayes, Biglan and Embry), Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

Chevallier, C., Parish-Morris, J., Tonge, N., Le, L., Miller, J. & Schultz R.T. (2014) Susceptibility to the audience effect explains performance gap between children with and without autism in a Theory of Mind task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.


Baumard, N. & Boyer, P., (2013) Explaining Moral Religions, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 17 (6) pp. 172 - 180.

Baumard, N. & Boyer, P. (2013) Religious Beliefs as Reflective Elaborations: A Modified Dual-Process Model, Current Directions in Psychological Science. (See also Herbert Wray's post on the Huffington post)

Baumard, N., André, J.B. & Sperber, D., (2013) A Mutualistic Approach to Morality, Behavioral and Brain Sciences (target article), 36 (1) 59-122.


Baumard, N. (2013) Cultural Norms: Transmitted Behaviors or Adaptive Responses? Commentary on Drew Gerkey's Cooperation in Context, Public Goods Games and Post-Soviet Collectives in Kamchatka, Russia, Current Anthropology, 54 (2), pp. 144 - 176.

Chevallier, C. (2013) 'Theory of mind' In F. Volkmar, R. Paul and K. Pelphrey (Eds.), Encyclopaedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Chevallier, C., Huguet, P., Happé, F., George, N. & Conty, L. (2013) Salient social cues are prioritized in Autism Spectrum Disorders despite overall decrease in social attention. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 43, 1642–1651. 
Courty, A., Maria, A-S., Lalanne, C., Ringuenet, D., Vindreau, C., Chevallier, C., Pouga, L., Pinabel, F., Philippe, A., Adrien, J-L., Barry, C. & Berthoz, S. (in press). Levels of autistic traits in Anorexia Nervosa: a comparative psychometric study. BMC Psychiatry.
Liénard, P., Chevallier, C., Mascaro, O., Kiura, P. & Baumard, N. (2013) Early understanding of merit in Turkana children, Journal of Cognition and Culture, 13 (1), 57-66.

Parish-Morris, J.*, Chevallier, C.*, (*co-first authors) Tonge, N., Letzen, J., Pandey, J. & Schultz, R.T. (2013). Visual attention to dynamic faces and objects is linked to face processing skills: A combined study of children with autism and controls. Frontiers in Developmental Psychology. 4(185), doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00185.
Baumard, N. (2012) The moral problem of group selection Commentary on Pinker's The false allure of group selection, Edge.

Baumard, N. (2012) The evolution of cooperation: from networks to institutions, Commentary on Dunbar's Networking Past and Present, Social Evolution Forum, May 2012. (See also Gintis's Commentary on Dunbar and Baumard).

Baumard, N. (2012) The restorative logic of punishment: Another argument in favor of weak selection, Comment on Guala's "Reciprocity: weak or strong? What punishment experiments do (and do not) demonstrate", Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 35 (2).

Baumard, N. & Sperber, D. (2012) Evolutionary and Cognitive Issues in the Anthropology of Morality , in Fassin, D. (Ed.), A Companion to Moral Anthropology, Wiley-Blackwell.
Chevallier, C., Kohls, G., Troiani, V., Brodkin, E.S. & Schultz, R.T. (2012). The Social Motivation Theory of Autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16(4) 231-239. 

Baumard, N., Mascaro, O. & Chevallier, C. (2012). Preschoolers are able to take merit into account when distributing goods. Developmental Psychology, 48(2) 492-498. 

Baumard, N. & Chevallier, C. (2012) What goes around comes around: The evolutionary roots of the belief in immanent justice. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 12 67-80. 

Chevallier, C., Molesworth, C. & Happé, F. (2012). Diminished Social Motivation Negatively Impacts Reputation Management: Autism Spectrum Disorders as a Case in Point. PLoS ONE 7(1): e31107. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0031107
Chevallier, C., Grèzes, J., Molesworth, C., Berthoz, S. & Happé, F. (2012) Selective social anhedonia in high functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 42(7),1504-9. 

Chevallier, C. (2012) Theory of mind and autism: Revisiting Baron-Cohen et al.’s Sally-Anne study. In A. Slater and P. Quinn (Eds.), Developmental Psychology: Revisiting the Classic Studies, Sage, 148-163.

Kohls, G., Chevallier, C., Troiani, V. & Schultz, R.T. (2012) Social ‘wanting’ dysfunction in autism: neurobiological underpinnings and treatment implications. Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (4)10, doi:10.1186/1866-1955-4-10 

Sperber, D. & Baumard, N. (2012) Morality and reputation in an evolutionary perspective, Mind and language, 27 (5), 495-518. 
André, J.B. & Baumard, N. (2011) Social opportunities and the evolution of fairness, Journal of Theoretical Biology, 289, 128-135.

André, J.B. & Baumard, N., (2011) The evolution of fairness in a biological market, Evolution, 65 (1) 1447-1456. 

Baumard, N. & Liénard, P. (2011) Second or third party punishment? When self-interest hides behind apparent functional interventions (Letter in response to Mathew and Boyd's Punishment sustains large scale cooperation in prestate warfare), Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108 (39).

Baumard, N. (2011), Punishment is not a group adaptation: Humans punish to restore fairness rather than to support group cooperation, Mind and Society, 10 (1) 1-26.
Bourrat, P., Baumard, N. & McKay, R., (2011) Surveillance Cues Enhance Moral Condemnation, Evolutionary Psychology, 9(2), 193-199. 

Chevallier, C., Noveck, I., Happé, F. & Wilson, D. (2011) What's in a voice? Prosody as a test case for the Theory of Mind account of autism. Neuropsychologia, 49(3) 507-517. 

Sonié, S., Behrouz, K, Pirat, E., Masson, S., Bain, P., Robinson, J., Reboul, A. Wicker, B., Chevallier, C., Beaude-Chervet, V., Deleage, MH, Charvet, D., Barthélémy, C., Rochet, T., Tatou, M., Arnaud, V. & Manificat, S. (2011). French version of Autism Spectrum Quotient, Empathy Quotient and Systemizing Quotient [in French]. La Presse Médicale,40(4),180-188. 
Baumard, N. (2010), Has punishment played a role in the evolution of cooperation? A critical review, Mind and Society, 171-192, 9, 2.

Baumard, N., Boyer, P. & Sperber, D. (2010) Evolution of Fairness: Cultural Variability, (A Letter in response to Henrich et al.'s "Markets, Religion, Community Size, and the Evolution of Fairness and Punishment") Science 23 July 2010 329: 388-389
Baumard, N. & Sperber, D. (2010) Weird people, yes but also weird experiments Comment on Henrich et al.'s "WEIRD people", Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33, 80-81.

Baumard, N. (2010), La morale comme organe de l'esprit : des philosophes des lumières à la psychologie contemporaine, In J. Ravat et A. Masala (Eds.) La morale humaine et les sciences, Paris : Editions matériologiques.

Baumard, N. (2010) Une théorie naturaliste des phénomènes moraux est-elle possible?, Matière Première, 1:1. 

André, J.B. & Baumard, N., (2010) L’Evolution de la coopération chez l’homme, in Biologie Evolutive, Thomas, F., Lefèvre, T., and Raymond, M. (Eds.)

Baumard, N. & André, J.B., (2010) Les théories evolutionnaires de la culture, in Biologie Evolutive, Thomas, F., Lefèvre, T., and Raymond, M. (Eds.)

Baumard, N. & Morin, O. (2010) Les théories évolutionnaires de la religion, in Biologie Evolutive, Thomas, F., Lefèvre, T., and Raymond, M. (Eds.) 

Chevallier, C., Wilson, D., Happé, F. & Noveck, I. (2010) Scalar inferences in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(9), 1104-1117. 

Chevallier, C., Bonnefond, M., Van der Henst, J-B. & Noveck, I. (2010) Using ERPs to capture prosodic stress and inference making. Italian Journal of Linguistics, 22(1),125-152. 

Chevallier, C., Baumard, N., Pougas L. & Grèzes, J. (2010) Comprendre les actions, émotions et états mentaux d’autrui : psychologie et neurosciences. In A. Berthoz, C. Ossola and B. Stock (Eds.), La pluralite et les fondements cognitifs de la notion de points de vue , Paris : Conférences du Collège de France. 

Southgate, V.*, Chevallier, C.* & Csibra, G. (*co-first authors) (2010) 17-month-olds appeal to false beliefs to interpret others’ communication. Developmental Science, 13(6), 907–912.
  Baumard, N. (2009). Psychologie évolutionniste et sciences sociales, In J.-B. Van der Henst & H. Mercier (Eds.), La Psychologie évolutionniste, Grenoble : PUG.

Chevallier, C., Noveck, I., Happé, F. & Wilson, D. (2009) From acoustics to grammar: Perceiving linguistic prosody in adolescents with Asperger Syndrome. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 3, 502-516. 

Noveck, I., Chevallier, C., Chevaux, F., Musolino, J. & Bott, L. (2009). Children’s enrichments of conjunctive sentences in context. In P. De Brabanter & M. Khissine (eds.) Utterance Interpretation and Cognitive Models. Current Research in the Semantics/pragmatics Interface, (20), 211-234.

Southgate, V., Chevallier, C. & Csibra, G. (2009). Sensitivity to Communicative Relevance Tells Young Children What to Imitate. Developmental Science, 12(6),1013-9.
  Baumard, N. (2008) « Hard-Neuroscience » : La science-fiction est-elle de bon conseil pour une approche cognitive de la morale ? Cahiers Romans de Sciences Cognitives, 3(2), 83-95.

Chevallier, C., Noveck, I., Bott, L., Lanza, V., Nazir, T. & Sperber, D. (2008). Making disjunctions exclusive. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61(11), 1741-1760.

Claidière, N., Jraissati, Y. & Chevallier, C. (2008). A colour sorting task reveals that adult colour categories are ‘truly’ perceptual and culture specific. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 8(3-4), 211-233.

Van Der Henst, J-B., Chevallier, C., Schaeken, W., Mercier, H. & Noveck, I. (2008). Dealing with indeterminacy in spatial descriptions. Psychological Research, 72 (5), 553-556. 
2007 and before  
  Baumard, N. (2007). Comment réconcilier évolution, cognition et culture : une approche contractualiste de la morale. In C. Clavien & C. El Bez (Eds.), L’éthique : l’inné et l’acquis, Lausanne : Presses Universitaires de Lausanne.

Baumard, N. (2007). La morale n’est pas le social, Terrain, 48, 49-72.